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Questionnaire

Before Christianity

  1. evidence of paganism
    1. pagan genealogies
    2. writing down of pagan myths in Christian chronicles
    3. archeological evidence of cult-sites, cultic activity
    4. burial practices
    5. statements, topoi about paganism

  2. evidence of other non-Christian religions
    1. knowledge/attitude of society to these

  3. evidence of royal power before Christianization
    1. evidence of royal/princely creation of power- and/or cult-centers
    2. power-structures
    3. vocabulary of rulership
    4. origins of dynasty
    5. pagan genealogies
    6. discontinuity/continuity of power-structure with Christianization

  4. evidence of contacts, especially leading to Christianization before the baptism of the ruler
    1. Lives of missionaries; other evidence of missions
    2. sending or invitation of missionaries
    3. outcome of missionary activity
    4. evidence of individual conversions
    5. signs in art/archeology
    6. burial practice
    7. Christian cult objects
    8. marriages to Christian princesses converting their husbands
    9. trade

Christianization

  1. baptism of the ruler
    1. circumstances
    2. holy ruler?
    3. apostolic ruler?
    4. evidence of copycat behavior in conversions

  2. evidence of Christianization
    1. missionary activity
    2. papal connections
    3. earliest evidence for liturgy
    4. saints'cults
    5. relics
    6. Christian cult objects
    7. transformation of cemeteries
    8. burial practices
    9. chronology & sequence of change
    10. evidence of influences
    11. evidence of Christian legislation

  3. evidence of medieval perceptions of the conversion process

  4. 'pagan uprisings'
    1. content of sources
    2. what happened
    3. involvement of members of the ruling house/dynasty

  5. evidence of literacy
    1. when it appears
    2. in what language
    3. first appearance of genres
    4. content/uses of literacy

  6. evidence of coinage
    1. start of minting
    2. symbolism

  7. evidence of laws
    1. date laws are issued
    2. content about Christianity and monarchy

  8. signs and symbols of Christian monarchy
    1. regalia
    2. expressions of power
    3. buildings
    4. religious art and royal representation
    5. royal titles
    6. acknowledgement of the emergence of Christian monarchy by others

  9. evidence of how rulers built power

  10. evidence of ecclesiastical organization and institutions
    1. appearance of (arch)bishoprics
    2. appearance of ecclesiastical boundaries
    3. appearance of monasteries
    4. appearance of parishes
    5. appearance of cathedral chapters

  11. evidence of building the church
    1. main architectural tasks
    2. where churches are built
    3. first royal church
    4. architectural analysis
    5. bishoprics
    6. immigrant/native clergy
    7. church hierarchy
    8. missions from the newly-converted countries

  12. evidence of ecclesiastical and non-ecclesiastical administrative system
    1. their coincidence
    2. if relevant, territorialization

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